What is mining:
In crypto currencies, the coins get generated as mathematically equations get completed. Mining is the process of having your computer take part in solving these equations. Generally speaking, you participate in a team called a pool, and you get a share of their profits. (Note: I am simplifying this. A lot.)
You also need to be careful with mining, because it tends to work your videocard quite a bit, and if you do it at too high of an intensity, it can overheat and damage your video card. It will also possibly reduce the total life span of your card, especially if you do it intensively. Be careful, watch your temperature, and don't overwork your card.
What is dogecoin:
Dogecoin is a bitcoin alternative. It can still be traded to BTC, but it has several advantages. First, it is a new coin, which means the difficulty of the mathematically equations to be solved is easier. Second, it is more satisfying. 1 bitcoin is $856 currently. 1 dollar is 717 Dogecoin. That means that when I say "The first person to post their dogecoin address gets 100 Doge", it sounds better, and feels more satisfying than if I said "0.0016 BTC". The value is the same, but doge just feels more satisfying to get. Third, the community built around dogecoin is friendly. In general, new people have questions answered in a friendly manner. They do charitable donation drives in the community (the dogecoin community raised $25,000 to sponsor the Jamaican Bobsled team and $7000 to sponsor the Indian Luge team to the Sochi Olympics).
How to mine:
First, download a dogewallet here: http://dogecoin.com/. It will need to sync for a while (an hour or two) so leave it running in the background.
Next, download CGminer here: http://www.minedogecoin.com/cgminer-3.7.2-windows.zip. This is the software that performs the actual mining. Extract it, and move the folder to where ever you want to store it. (Please note: CGminer is best for AMD video cards, though it can work for nvidia cards. CUDAminer is much better for nvidia cards. However, I lack an Nvidia card, so I don't know how to use CUDAminer. If you want to get better rates, you will need to use CUDAminer. If you want to write up a tutorial of everyone else, please do so and i will cram it in here. You can also follow the info here: http://www.reddit.com/r/dogemining/wiki ... ning_guide ).
Now you need to join a pool. This is one of the decent sized, active pools, so I'll use it as an example: https://pool.dogechain.info/ . You need to make an account. Go to the My Workers option in its navigation bar, and add a new worker. For my example, I made my login name Kerovon. For the workername, I used Desktop, and for Worker password I used 1234 (worker password can be very weak. The only thing someone can do if they guess it is to work for you and make you more money).
You should also input your dogecoin address to receive dogecoins into your settings, and set up an automatic payout threshold. I recommend setting the threshold somewhat high, because you lose 1 coin for every transfer. I have mine set to payout every 2000 dogecoin.
Once this worker has been added, you need to configure CGminer. The easiest way to do this is with a .conf file, so download this: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/214 ... miner.conf . Place this file in your CGminer folder, and open it up with notepad. Change the user and pass to be your username.Workername and your password.
Now, you need to figure out what other settings to have use. Find your GPU here: https://litecoin.info/Mining_hardware_comparison and look at the settings used in the config column. I have an AMD 6950 graphics card, so my examples will be with that. Basically, look at the -g,, the -w, and the --thread concurrency. Put the value from -g into gpu-threads, -w into "worksize", and --thread concurrency into your "thread concurrency".
Finally, there is "intensity", which is basically how fast your card hashes the codes. this ranges from 0-20. 13 is probably a good starting point, but you will probably need to adjust that.
Start cgminer.exe, and you should end up seeing something that looks like this:
Important things on this screen are the temperature, the Kh/s numbers, and the HW. If your GPU temperature goes above 80 C, you should shut it down. I personally prefer mine to hover around 75 at its highest. The % next to it indicates what your GPU fan speed is. This should automatically adjust.
The Kh/s is kilohashes/second, and is how fast your computer is performing the math. This number varies a lot depending on what setup you have.
The HW is number of hardware errors. If you start getting HW errors, you should lower your intensity.
You may or may not notice that your computer slowed down. If your computer slowed down a bunch, you probably want to lower your intensity. With my setup, I use intensity of 11 if I am doing anything with my computer. It hashes at about ~130 Kh/s, but I can do stuff like play minecraft without problems. If I am going away from my computer, I will bump it up to about 15, which is where it hovers around 75 C at 80% GPU fan rate, and I get about 360 Kh/s. You will need to do a lot of trial and error to figure out the best settings for you. Just press Q to quit out, and change the .conf file, then see how it works when you start it up again.
Now sit back and watch you start earning doge. I've been mining for a bit over a day now, and have made about 2700 doge, which comes out to about $3.70, or 3 tokens. If you have more questions, ask here and I will try to answer. Be aware, this is a basic setup, and there is a lot more complex stuff doable. However, I have spent as much time learning this as I have building in minecraft in the last 6 months (i.e. about an hour), so I am fairly low level in my knowledge.
Converting Dogecoin to BTC:
Converting Dogecoin to BTC can be found at the bottom of the guide here: http://minerealm.com/community/viewtopi ... 12&t=15295.
Or, you can nag Intelli into accepting dogecoin as valid donations, as I am trying to do.
If you have more questions, ask here and I will try to answer. Be aware, this is a basic setup, and there is a lot more complex stuff you can do. However, I have spent as much time learning this as I have building in minecraft in the last 6 months (so about an hour), so I am fairly low level in my knowledge.